Saturday, April 9, 2016

HOW TO INSTALL SUBLIME TEXT ON UBUNTU 15.10

Sublime text is one the advanced Text Editors with a host of features given here.

I started by adding the repository by entering the following command on the terminal.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/sublime-text-2

then to update apt.

sudo apt-get update

After updating the apt next thing is to install Sublime text by using following command.

sudo apt-get install sublime-text-installer 

On completion of the installation type the following command in terminal to run the sublime text.


subl
 
or
 
sublime 

This should open the sublime text. So we are ready to go.

Friday, April 1, 2016

HOW TO INSTALL GIT ON UBUNTU 15.10

Git is a source code management system aka version control system. It can be used for managing source code for very small to large projects with code running into millions of lines.

It went through this short try git hands on tutorial to get a overview and basic commands used by git system. Its very interesting you can check it out here.

So the installation part is quite straight forward on Ubuntu.

First fire up the terminal and type the following command to install git software.

sudo apt-get install git

This will not much of the time depending on Internet speed.
After completion of the installation next step is to configure the git. For this first we have to set a user name and then our email address. Run the following commands on the terminal one by one.

git --global user.name "Your Name"
git --global user.email your@email.com

Remember to omit double-quotes in your email address. If you use them it will have undesirable consequences at later stages. But if in doubt at later stages we can always check these variable by issuing the following commands on the terminal.

git --global user.name
git --global user.email

That it we are ready to put our source code under version control

Tuesday, March 29, 2016

HOW TO INSTALL RUBY ON UBUNTU 15.10

In addition to my front-end track on freecodecamp.com, I have started to tinkering with the back-end stuff. For back-end stuff I have decided to go the Ruby way.

I am inspired to select ruby after watching the ruby on rails tutorial by Mattan Griffels. So first thing is to install ruby on my Linux system aka Ubuntu.

After going through the installation documentations, I came to know that best method to install ruby on Ubuntu is via RVM (Ruby Version Manager).

Benefits of RVM are as follows:-

1.  RVM helps in installing multiple ruby interpreters and run-times very easy and consistence

2.  Makes features such as gem-sets supported out of the box.

3.  We can run different ruby versions in different terminals at the same time and they wont mess up with each other.

To install RVM I fired up my Terminal using CTL+ALT+T

On the prompt typed

gpg --keyserver hkp://keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 409B6B1796C275462A
1703113804BB82D39DC0E3

I also wanted to install rails so I added --rails to end of the following command.

\curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --rails

Completion of installation of RVM takes a while depending on the internet speed.

On completion of  RVM installation to verify it I ran the following command in browser.

  type rvm | head -1

It gave me the following output.

 rvm is hashed 

The output should have been.

rvm is a function.
 
I was getting this issue because the gnome-terminal was not running the
command as login shell. 

The resolution of this issue is very simple. 

In the Terminal window menu click on "Edit" menu then > "Profile Preferences" and in the window that appears select the "Command" tab, and check the checkbox called Run command as login shell. 

That's it than I again checked by typing the above mentioned command and it worked.

Links below will help in installation of Ruby on any OS.


Saturday, March 26, 2016

MY READING LIST OF RECOMMEDED WEB DESIGN BOOKS

In this post I am listing down the books that are on my reading list. This is will be a fluid list, that means I will keep on adding the books as I go about finishing a few. I have selected the books that are on recommended list for web designers The idea here is to engrave the programming lingo and procedure in my brain, by continuously impounding it with the programming terminology which will bring me closer to my goal of mastering the web design.

So here is my list:

1.  HTML and CSS: Design and Build Websites, by Jon Duckett. 
2.  JavaScript and JQuery: Interactive Front-End Web Development, by Jon   Duckett.

3.  Learning Web Design: A Beginner’s Guide to HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and Web Graphics, by Jennifer Niederst Robbins.

4.  Don’t Make Me Think, Revisited: A Common Sense Approach to Web Usability, by Steve Krug.

5.  Design for Hackers: Reverse Engineering Beauty, by David Kadavy.

6.  Learn to program, by Chris Pine.

7.  Learn ruby the hard way, by Zed Shaw. 

8.  Michael Hartl's Rails Tutorial.


Other resources that I intend to follow;

1. One month rails, by Mattan Griffel.

2. The odin project.

If you have any suggestions please let me know by commenting below on this blog post

Friday, March 25, 2016

WIKIPEDIA VIEWER - PROJECT

Finally I have completed this project and what a feeling on accomplishing this project. It took be almost a week, I even thought of quitting this boot-camp.

So the objective here was to build a CodePen.io app that is similar to this the one posted here http://codepen.io/FreeCodeCamp/full/pgNRvJ.
 
These are the rules for the game.

#1: I have to figure out the code myself no cheating allowed. (Initially I      completed it by coping code from somewhere, but then angel stuck me. loll)

#2: Fulfill the below user stories. Use whichever libraries or APIs you need.

So the user stories that I had to fulfill are as follows.

#1: One should be able to search Wikipedia entries in a search box and see the resulting Wikipedia entries.

#2: One can click a button to see a random Wikipedia entry.


At last the clues are here:

1: URL use to get a random Wikipedia article:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:Random.

2: Entry on using Wikipedia's API:
    http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Main_page.
 
My comments:

1.Initially I was overwhelmed by the mere size of the API and its documentation.

2.Completely clueless about the vocabulary and how this API sandbox worked.

3.Thought of quitting this Freecodecamp.com thing.

But than something in me told me hang-on and you will do it. then I went on to figure out the things one by one. If I write each and everything it will run into a book. So after a week long struggle here is my still not so good product (still a lot of scope for improvement).
See the Pen Wikipedia Viewer by Bhagwant Singh (@sagit2002) on CodePen.

Thursday, March 17, 2016

SHOW THE LOCAL WEATHER - PROJECT



  • Objective: The objective here is to build a CodePen.io app that is functionally similar to this: http://codepen.io/FreeCodeCamp/full/bELRjV.

  • The rules are as follows:-

    #1: Don't look at the example project's code. I have to figure it out myself.
    #2: I have to fulfill the following user stories. I am free to use whichever libraries or APIs and look of the App as well

    The user stories are given as:-

    #1: User should we able to view his current weather condition.
    #2: User should we able to see a different icon or background image (e.g. snowy mountain, hot desert) depending on the weather.
    #3: User should be able to push a button to toggle between Fahrenheit and Celsius.

    I used the Open Weather API to build this app. I had to struggle a little bit with ajax queries and toggling of the temperature into Fahrenheit and Celsius.

    I don't think this is a perfect App, but I will try to improve it as I learn more and have more experience with web development.

    So here is my version of the Show The Local Weather App. Please check it out by clicking on the embedded version.

    See the Pen Show the Local Weather by Bhagwant Singh (@sagit2002) on CodePen.

    Saturday, March 12, 2016

    BUILD A RANDOM QUOTE MACHINE - PROJECT




  • Objective: The objective here is to build a CodePen.io app that is functionally similar to the one given here : http://codepen.io/FreeCodeCamp/full/bELoPJ.

  • The rules are as follows:-

    #1: Don't look at the example project's code. I have to figure it out myself.
    #2: I have to fulfill the following user stories. I am free to use whichever libraries or APIs I need.

    The user stories are given as:-

    #1: A button to show a new random quote.
    #2: A button to tweet out the quote.

    I used the Random Famous Quotes API by Andruxnet delivered in Json format.

    Initially I found myself clueless about the API thing. To solve this issue I went through API documentations.

    Next issue I was not able to figure out how my Jquery code is doing. Inorder to solve this and find where my code was failing I fired up firebug addon for firefox. In the firefox console I could easily check my code running issues.

    So here is my version of the Random Quote Machine. Please check it out by clicking on the embedded version.


    See the Pen Random Quote Machine by Bhagwant Singh (@sagit2002) on CodePen.

    Wednesday, March 9, 2016

    BUILD A TRIBUTE PAGE

    This basic front-end project requires building a tribute page. I am building a tribute page for Dr. Linus Pauling.

    The conditions to be fulfilled are:

    1.  The page should have and image and text.
    2.  User can click on a link that will take the user to an external website with further information on the topic.

    so here I am appending by completed project.


    See the Pen Tribute to Dr. Linus Pauling by Bhagwant Singh (@sagit2002) on CodePen.

    CAESARS CIPHER

    In this challenge we have to decode a cipher message. More about cipher can be found out here.

    So we have a simplest and most widely known ciphers called Caesar cipher, also called shift cipher. Basically in a shift cipher the meanings of the letters are shifted by some set value.

    An example of this type of modern cipher is the ROT13 cipher, where the values of the letters are shifted by 13 places. Thus 'A' ↔ 'N', 'B' ↔ 'O' and so on.

    So we have to write a function which takes a ROT13 encoded string as input and returns a decoded string.

    Other conditions are:-

    1.  All letters should be uppercase.

    2.  Non-alphabetic character i.e. spaces and punctuation's are not to be transformed, but have to be passed on.

    At last the list of clues in the form of helpful links are as follows:
    It took me very less time to implement the algorithm. In this algorithm I loop thorough all the string elements converting each of them to equivalent uni-code values and then pushing them to the array. Finally I joined all the elements using the join() method of arrays.

                     function rot13(str) { // LBH QVQ VG!
                     arr = [];
                     for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++){
                         var a = str.charCodeAt(i);
                         if(a >= 65 && a <= 77){
                             a += 13;
                         } else if(a >= 78 && a <= 90){
                             a -= 13;
                         } else {
                           a = a;
                         }
                         var c = String.fromCharCode(a);
                         arr.push(c);
                    }
                }

    Tuesday, March 8, 2016

    WHERE DO I BELONG

    This challenge requires returning the lowest index at which a value  that is second argument should be inserted into an array which is the first argument after sorting it.

    The algorithm was quite straight forward, only thing that made me to think was what if the number is to inserted at index greater than last index of the array e.



    Sunday, March 6, 2016

    SEEK AND DESTROY

    In this challenge we are provided with an initial array i.e the first argument in the destroyer function It is followed by one or more arguments. We have to remove all elements from the first array that are of the same value as are these arguments.

    Friday, March 4, 2016

    FALSY BOUNCER

    In this challenge we have to remove all falsy values from an array.

    Falsy values in JavaScript are:-

     false, null, 0, "", undefined, and NaN.

    For this challenge I went through the clues that are given in the form of clickable links above, again leading to MDN JavaScript documentation.

    Then on with little bit of tweaking I was able to implement the under-mentioned solution for the challenge.

    So, here is my solution.

                    function bouncer(arr) {
                 function Boolean(value){
                     var i = 0;
                     arr1 = [NaN, 0, false, null, undefined];
                     if (arr1[i] === value){
                         i++;
                     } 

                     return value;
                 }
                 return arr.filter(Boolean);
               }

    Thursday, March 3, 2016

    MUTATIONS

    This Challenge requires to return true if the string in the first element of the array contains all of the letters of the string in the second element of the array.

    For example, ["hello", "Hello"], have to return true because all of the letters in the second string are present in the first, after ignoring case.
    The arguments ["hello", "hey"] should have to return false because the string in first element "hello" does not contain a "y".

    Similarly, ["Alien", "line"], should be returning true because all of the letters in "line" are there in "Alien".

    Wednesday, March 2, 2016

    SLASHER FLICK

    In this challenge I have to return the remaining elements of an array after chopping off n elements from the head.

    The head means the beginning of the array, or the zeroth index.

    CHUNKY MONKEY

    Challenge this time is to write a function that splits an array (first argument) into groups the length of size (second argument) and returns them as a two-dimensional array.

    Tuesday, March 1, 2016

    TRUNCATE A STRING

    In this challenge its required to truncate a string (first argument) if it is longer than the given maximum string length (second argument). Then return the truncated string with a "..." ending.

    Note that the three dots at the end add to the string length.

    If the num is less than or equal to 3, then the length of the three dots is not added to the string length.

    The given clue here is : 


    The slice() method extracts a section of a string and returns a new string.

    The syntax is as follows;

    str.slice(beginSlice[, endSlice])
      
    beginSlice
    The zero-based index at which to begin extraction. 
     
    endSlice
    Optional. The zero-based index at which to end extraction.

    It was not that hard to implement the solution.

    My solution is as follows: 

                    function truncate(str, num) {
                        var x = str.slice(0, num);
                        if (num <= 3){
                            return x+"...";
                        } else if (str.length <= num){
                            return x;
                        } else  {
                            return x.slice(0, num-3)+"...";
                        }
                    }

    REPEAT A STRING REPEAT A STRING

    Challenge here was to repeat a given string (first argument) num times (second argument). Return an empty string if num is a negative number.

    The clue given on the challenge was:

    Global String Object

    While searching for clue I found a function called repeat the syntax for which is as follows:

    str.repeat(count)
      
    count
    An integer between 0 and +∞: [0, +∞), indicating the number of times to repeat the string in the newly-created string that is to be returned.
    The solution then got quite obvious as given below:

                      function repeat(str, num) {
                          if(num >= 0){
                              return str.repeat(num);
                          } else {
                              return "";
                          }
                      }

    CONFIRM THE ENDING

    Challenge here was to check if a string (first argument) ends with the given target string (second argument).

    The total concentration should be on the above-mentioned function(link above) to efficiently solve the problem.

    Full syntax is

    str.substr(start[, length])
      
    start
    Location at which to begin extracting characters. If a negative number is given, it is treated as strLength + start where strLength is the length of the string (for example, if start is -3 it is treated as strLength - 3.)
     
    length
     
    Optional. The number of characters to extract.

    The problem was straight forward, my solution is as below:- 


     function end(str, target) {

         var x = str.substr(-target.length , target.length);


         if (x === target){


             return true;


         } else {


             return false;
         }


    }
    
    

    Monday, February 29, 2016

    RETURN LARGEST NUMBERS IN ARRAY

    Challenge here was to return an array consisting of the largest number from each provided sub-array. The provided array contained exactly 4 sub-arrays.

    For example: 

    [[4, 5, 1, 3], [13, 27, 18, 26], [32, 35, 37, 39], [1000, 1001, 857, 1]];

    An array is a container object that holds a fixed number of values of a single type. In our e.g array is array of arrays.

    Initial I misunderstood the challenge. I thought that the challenge requires to return the Array that is having maximum value number in it. I struggled whole of the day until I reexamined the challenge.

    The requirement here was to make an Array from this Array of Array, that contained only the greatest value in each sub-Array.

    Then on it was a cake walk for me because I already struggled a lot through out the day.

    So, here is my solution:

    function largestOfFour(arr) {     var arr1 =[];     for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++ ){         a = arr[i];         var max = 0;                  for (var j = 0; j < a.length; j++){             var b = a[j];             if(b > max){                 max = b;             }        }    arr1.push(max);   } return arr1; }

    Sunday, February 28, 2016

    TITLE CASE A SENTENCE

    Today's challenge was to return the provided string with the first letter of each word capitalized. The rest of the words are to be in lower case.

    For e.g     If input is following string.

                    "I'm a little tea pot"

    The output should be

                     "I'm A Little Tea Pot"

    I  finally succeeded in implementing the solution. Although I was tempted to look for solution in google, but I kept on revising by solutions based on output at every step using "console.log()". Finally my solution was accepted. I know at lot can be improved in my solution. but this solution is my solution and is not a copy paste from google.

    Here is my solution:-
     
      function titleCase(str) {
      
       var arr = str.toLowerCase().split(' ');
       arr1 = [];
       
       for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++){
               var newArr = arr[i].split('');
               
               var j = newArr[0].toUpperCase();
    
    
               newArr.shift();
               
               var k = newArr.unshift(j);
               
               arr1.push(newArr.join(''));          
               
       }
      return arr1.join(' ');
    }
    
    titleCase("I'm a little tea pot");

    FIND THE LONGEST WORD IN A STRING

    Challenge is to return the length of the longest word in the provided sentence.

    Response should be a number.

    It was tough one for me initially then i went through a post on git-hub describing what to do when you are struck up. I am putting the link here for reference.
      

    This is a three part series. A must read for all the new coder. My next step was to make a flow chart. but in part II of the series, the above mentioned challenge is discussed with flow chart along with pseudo-code. It helped me a a lot. With the help of this pseudo-code, I quickly came up the solution. 

    My solution is given below



     function findLongestWord(str) {
         var arr = str.split(' ');
         var max = 0; 
        for (var i = 0; i < arr.length; i++){
            var item = arr[i].length;
      
             if (item > max){
                 max = item;
              }
      }  
       return max;  
    }

    Saturday, February 27, 2016

    CHECK FOR PALINDROMES

     A palindrome is a word or sentence that's spelled the same way both forward and backward, ignoring punctuation, case, and spacing.

    Challenge is to return true if the given string is a palindrome. Otherwise, return false.

    It took me a while to solve this challenge. It could pass all the test except 

    palindrome("1 eye for of 1 eye.") should return false.

    The problem was I was discarding digits 0-9 in my regex expression.

    I amended the regex expression from /[^a-b]/gi to /[^a-b0-9]/gi to include the digits into the stripped version.

    Behold I cracked it.....

    Here is my implementation:



    function palindrome(str) {
      
      var stripped = str.toLowerCase().replace(/[^a-z0-9]/gi, '');
      var reversed = stripped.split('').reverse().join('');
       
      if (stripped === reversed){
        return true;
       } else {
         return false;
      }
      
    }

    FACTORIALIZE A NUMBER

    Challenge here is to return the factorial of the provided integer.

    If the integer is represented with the letter n, a factorial is the product of all positive integers less than or equal to n.

    Factorials are often represented with the shorthand notation n!

    For example: 5! = 1 * 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 = 120


    This challenge requires a thorough knowledge of loops, and how to store the value returned by a loop. In my case "result" is storing variable after ever loop.

    It took me a while I was looping correctly, but not storing the result. Getting very high output due to multiplication.

     Here is my solution:


     function factorialize(num) {
       result = 1;
       for (var i = 1; i <= num; i++){
        result *= i;
      }
      return result;
    }
    
    factorialize(5);
    

    BASIC ALGORITHM SCRIPTING

    I have already completed basic HTML, CSS, JavaScript Tutorials on FreeCodeCamp.com. Now I am into Basic Algorithm Scripting challenges.

    First challenge is to reverse the Strings.

    Here is my Solution which I managed to complete in first attempt.

    Reverse the input String


    function reverseString(str){ 
    
      arr = str.split('').reverse().join('');
      return arr;
      
    }
    
    reverseString("hello");


    Tuesday, February 23, 2016

    HOW TO BE A SELF TAUGHT WEB DEVELOPER.

    STEP BY STEP BREAKUP MONTH WISE
    This is rough draft that we will be following:
    Will be improved as we go.

    MONTH 1 (Basics)
    Languages: HTML and CSS
    Resources: Codeacademy.com, Htmldog.com
    Project: Bulid your personal page.

    MONTH 2 and 3 (Front-End Development)
    Languages: Javascript and jQuery
    Resources: Eloquent Javascript - ebook
    docs.jquery.com/Tutorials
    Project: Build your portfolio website

    MONTH 4 and 5 (Back-End Development)
    Languages: php or rails
    Resources: codeacademy.com railtutorial.com
    Project: Improving Portfolio website

    MONTH 6
    Miscellaneous: Version control using Git
    Deployment of web apps on the web